Tribal and Intertribal Music

Tribal and Intertribal Music

Listen to the audio examples contained in these sections.

  1. (5 pt.) Beat and rhythm:

“Everything in music that moves through time is rhythm. The “beat” also moves in time but is a constant and regular “heartbeat thump“. Our big toe is well versed in tapping along with the “heartbeat” thump without any worries about thinking. This is our culturally conditioned response to music thanks to pop and dance music over the centuries.

Answer this: After following the Beat and rhythm video above, at what point, (you must use timestamps) did the difference between “beat” and rhythm, become clear and understandable?  If it remained confusing then you should watch it again.

 Video: Bass Boosted Car Music Mix:  Pay close attention to these Simoncic comments below

Song #1 from timestamp 0:00 to 4:55 begins in the bass guitar part employing an “ostinato” bass line. An ostinato is a rather short, repeated pattern. It is often in the bass line or played by the left-hand part on a keyboard.  

  1. (5 pt.) Answer this:Where (timestamps) did you first identify the ostinato bass guitar pattern?   

Lecture: The number of beats, not notes, in this ostinato pattern, is a fast 8-beat’s at a tempo, speed, of 120 beats per minute divided into two-measure bars of 4 beats plus 4 beats. The finger-snapping sound snaps on the weak beats. When there are 4 beats in a measure, count in a steady 1,2,3,4 over and over without pause.

Your turn for active participation: Count out loud a steady four-beat pattern of 1-2-3-4 without pause.  Do this several times. Next: count out loud and clap the same four-beat pattern of 1-2-3-4.

Next, count out loud the same four-beat pattern but clap only on beats 2 and 4 and NOT on beats 1 and 3. Do this several times in succession.  Beats two and four are the weak beats in a four-beat measure. The big toe taps all the heartbeats.  Keep in mind that you are not engaged in “rhythm making” but just keeping a simple beat.

  1. (5 pt.)Answer this: At what point were you successful during the “Your turn” section?

Lecture: Simoncic comment: I think the first piece is clever and fun music. It is economical in terms of constant repetition of the same two short vocal melodic sections and the ostinato pattern. We call this “minimalism” in classical music. It was quite popular in the 1980s and 1990 period of some classical music.

  1. (10 pt.) Answer this:Locate Active Listening Chapter 2 “Stomp Dance”. Focus from timestamp 0:53 to 1:30.   What musical similarities do you find between Stomp Dance from timestamp 0:53 to 1:30 and  Bass Boosted Car Music Mix: song #1 from timestamp 0:00 to 4:55?
  2. (10 pt.)Chopin Polonaise in A flat Major:

  Answer this: In the Polonaise, Why is the left-hand part from timestamp 3:17 to 4:24 considered an ostinato pattern, and what is the right hand doing during this section?

  1. (10 pt.) Now go back to the Bass Boosted Car Music Mix:  This we will call “Song #2. Begin at timestamp6:58 to at least 7:30. It’s also in a 4-beat meter pattern, but now the big toe “thump” is obvious, and pronouncedThe rest of the video mix contains clever uses of rhythms and vocals above a steady 

Answer this: Which of the two pop songs did you find easiest to follow and which did you find most musically interesting? Why?

  1. (5 pt.)Answer this: Navajo Music: The Navajo were created in the image of Holy People: According to the textbook, what does this mean, and how does it relate to their code of behavior? Keep it within 50 words.
  2. (5 pt.) Answer This:In Chapter 2 reading, locate Active Listening 2.3 Yeibichai song: What one word describes the vocal range of the male singers from timestamp 00:00 to 0:04? What vocal range from 0:06 to 0:09?
  3. (5 pt.)In your words, briefly describe: What is the “Red Power” social movement, and how did it affect the development of Native American popular music and the music of XIT in particular?
  4. (10 pt.) In the song, Reservation Education, Week 2, Chapter 2, using timestamps, find a section that is clearly influenced by European/Western music tradition and one section that is more  Native American and give a reason for both.
  5. ( 10 pt.) Compare and contrast tribal and intertribal musical styles.
  • (20 pt.) Identify similarities and differences between Haudenosaunee, Yuchi, and Navajo musicsupplying timestamps from Active Listening guide music examples as evidence.