Treating external factors

—Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)American PoliticianCouples are impacted by many external factors that may negatively affect their system. Couples are impacted by common life stage transitions (e.g., children introduced to the system by birth or adoption, empty nests when children become adults, blended families), as well as uncommon life events such as infidelity, substance use, financial challenges, gambling problems. When working with couples it is important to remain aware of any external factors the couple is experiencing to help understand the impact on the dyad.
For this Discussion, search the Walden Library for an article that discusses treating couples where an external factor noted above has negatively impacted the couple to the point they are considering divorce.
By Day 4
Post an analysis of the article you found. In the analysis, identify which theory was utilized to treat this issue. Then, discuss if the treatment was effective or ineffective in helping the couple work through the issue. Finally, explain whether or not you believe there is some other intervention that would be beneficial for this situation.
Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the resources.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.
By Day 6
Respond to two of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:
Ask a probing question.
Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
Offer and support an opinion.
Make a suggestion.
Expand on your colleague’s posting.
Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned and/or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.
Colleague 1: Marcus
Post an analysis of the article you found. In the analysis, identify which theory was utilized to treat this issue. Then, discuss if the treatment was effective or ineffective in helping the couple work through the issue.
Hello Everyone,
We are more than halfway through our semester. The article that I am focusing on is pornography addiction and relationship anxiety. Pornography addiction and relationship anxiety can cause issues in marriages and couples who are in courtship. Individuals who engage in pornography are often struggling with low self-esteem and use it for self-gratification especially if they are not satisfied sexually with their spouse. Some individuals who engage in internet pornography may also struggle with depression. One study from Leonhardt et al., (2018) reports that lower levels of self-esteem and higher levels of depression are heavily associated with the reasons individuals are addicted to internet pornography. While others use pornography to help them express their sexuality and for erotic experience (Leonhardt et al., 2018). The article that I found is exploring different studies of research to understand the perceptions of pornography addiction from religiosity and those who have struggled with relationship anxiety. Religiosity perception of pornography addiction may make individuals feel ashamed and experience the negative outcomes of the perceptions which cause an increase in relationship anxiety and depression according to research studies. Leonhardt et al., (2018) also reported that relationship anxiety construct of surrounding anxiety and perception that society has on pornography that brings discomfort to the individual which can affect their self-esteem. The identified theory from this article is called “Sexual addiction theory” which was originally coined by Patrick Carnes (1983). The perception of addiction in terms of this article is referring to compulsivity and distress surrounding pornography (Leonhardt et al., 2018). The understanding of the perception of pornography addiction and the moral disapproval of religiosity surrounding the addiction can help couples identify the spouse who is addicted that they may have relationship anxiety in their marriage or courtship. The growing research studies on the compulsivity and distress from porn addicts’ behavior may be a psychological condition known as hypersexual Disorder or sexual addiction in the relationship. From a clinical perspective, individuals with a pornography addiction that is out of control may have sexual compulsive behavior, distress because it affects their relationships a great deal and commitments in their lives, which can cause relationship anxiety and depression. The person may experience discomfort and communication anxiety with their partner or spouse because they feel ashamed of their addiction.
Finally, explain whether or not you believe there is some other intervention that would be beneficial for this situation.
Mindfulness meditation can aid in managing sexual fantasies, urges, and compulsive behavior. Mindfulness meditation is effective at reducing anxiety for couples who are struggling with pornography addiction and the discomfort from each other when the partner or spouse is struggling with helping each other recover from the addiction. According to Dickinson et al., (2017), “Mindfulness programs are effective in reducing anxiety in populations with chronic disorders” (p.1044). The researcher from this article reported using Mindfulness-meditation to help individuals with anxiety and other cognitive distortions/processes with Aphasia and their study have shown the effectiveness of Mindfulness-meditation at work-study. Mindfulness exercises are to help the porn addict to focus on the here and now from a non-judgmental approach and they are being aware of the cognitive processes of their sexual thoughts, urges, and fantasies so they can learn how to control those thoughts during the training (Dickinson et al., 2017). The mindfulness meditation will be beneficial for that spouse or partner struggling with sexually compulsive behaviors and hypersexuality when desiring to watch porn, they can use these skills to control those cravings and urges to watch porn when their spouse is not around.
References:
Dickinson, J., Friary, P.,