To what extent do digital technology, rise of social media explain the rise of populism/populist nationalism?

a) You may choose to focus on one single case. But always explain why that case is chosen, how it will help you to address the question and how the analysis of this case helps to illuminate the broader issues. You can always add a couple of paragraphs that address the broader context. You do not have to exclusively focus on that single case. Basically, you will not be doing a ‘case study’ but using the case to illustrate broader issues, and analyse the specificity of that particular context.

b) You may choose to compare any two cases (countries or even regions). Again, explain why you have chosen those two cases, why you are comparing them. The choice of cases should be done carefully to shed light on similarities, contrasts and the rationale for comparison. The aim should be to use these two cases to be able to shed light on the broader question. Again, you can always add a couple of paragraphs to make brief, analytical reference to other cases if necessary.

c) You may choose to answer the question by providing a range of illustrations/examples. In this case, the focus should primarily be on addressing the specific conceptual issues. Each example chosen should relate to the key issues that the question focuses on.

Some readings:
De Cleen, B. 2017. “Populism and Nationalism.” In C. Rovira Kaltwasser et al eds. Oxford Handbook of Populism. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press: 342–362.
Rao, Shakuntala. 2018. “Making of Selfie Nationalism: Narendra Modi, the Paradigm Shift to Social Media Governance, and Crisis of Democracy.” Journal of Communication Inquiry. DOI: 10.1177/0196859917754053
Zhang, Yinxian, Jiajun Liu and Ji-Rong Wen. 2018. “Nationalism on Weibo: Towards a Multifaceted Understanding of Chinese Nationalism.” The China Quarterly 235: 758-83
Two lectures by Rogers Brubaker: [1] “Populism and Pandemic – part 1”. Lecture 29 June 2020. m%C3%A1nyiKutat%C3%B3k%C3%B6zpont
Brubaker, Rogers. 2020. “Populism and Nationalism.” Nations & Nationalism
26, 1, 44–66.,shib&db=aph&AN=1409348

[2] “Populism and Pandemic – Commentaries.” 20 July 2020. m%C3%A1nyiKutat%C3%B3k%C3%B6zpont
The Economist, 17 January 2017. “Populism is reshaping our world.”
Stroschein, S. 2019. “Populism, Nationalism, and Party Politics.” Nationalities Papers 47, 6: 923-935. doi:10.1017/nps.2019.9
Mudde, Cas & Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser. 2013. “Populism”. In M. Freeden, L. T. Sargent, & M. Stears eds. The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 493-512.
Schneider, Florian. 2018. “Mediated Massacre: Digital Nationalism and History Discourse on China’s Web.”,shib&db=aph&AN=1296021 99&site=ehost-live
Arsène, Séverine. 2020. “Complicating Digital Nationalism in China.” China Perspectives 2. 4958a81f32b1%40pdc-v-sessmgr03
He, Yinan. 2007. “History, Chinese Nationalism and the Emerging Sino–Japanese Conflict.” Journal of Contemporary China 16, 50:1–24.

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