The sculptural program of the Parthenon is the interweaving of the divine foundation of the city with the governing democracy and the High Classical idealized style.
CreateCreate a file for your answers to the questions below.
StudyStudy this line drawing that labels the architectural sculpture on the Parthenon.
WatchWatch this British Museum Video with Bonnie Greer (6:00min) and listen for answers to the questions below.
ReadRead this short British Museum blog (Links to an external site.) about the Parthenon sculptures and this Acropolis Museum information (Links to an external site.) with the aim to answer the questions below.
Additional resources are in The Parthenon Sculptures: Research Links.
AnswerAnswer these questions using all of the resources above:
What three architectural areas of the Parthenon have architectural sculpture ? In other words, where was the sculpture originally found ON the temple? On the stylobate? On the cornice? On the frieze? What kind of frieze?
What is the subject matter of each type of architectural sculpture? What do the scenes concern? A Greek myth or a religious practice? An everyday event? You can describe this in brief for each type of architectural sculpture. (I don’t need an in-depth list, figure by figure.)
List two examples where we see the influence of these High Classical sculptures in other artistic traditions (given the content of the Bonnie Greer video).
Now you know the traditional interpretation of the subject matter of the Parthenon frieze. What is Joan Connelly’s theory? You can find out with this New York Times Review by Caroline Alexander (Links to an external site.) of Connelly’s book, at the New Yorker Article by Daniel Mendelsohn (Links to an external site.), or at another site of your choice. If you want to full story, read this (or open it from the library website): Connelly, Joan B. “Parthenon and Parthenoi: A Mythological Interpretation of the Parthenon Frieze.” American Journal of Archaeology, vol. 100, no. 1, 1996, pp. 53–80. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/506297.
SubmitSubmit your answers here.
Objective AchievedYou have assessed the cultural values of the High Classical Athens, as represented in the architectural sculpture of the Parthenon.