Learning Goal: I’m working on a political science project and need a sample draft to help me learn.Political Science Question

In that earlier work, you learned: MY DISCUSSION BOARDS ARE BELOW1) that a lot of people are worried that partisan polarization is increasing and may be impeding the ability of our political system to address important problems
2) about some of the suspected causes- including partisan “sorting”, the media environment (especially social media that amplifies a small set of loud voices), and the way our electoral and political system rewards political elites for “ideologically extreme ideas and language., all of which also contributes to a view among the general public that the “other” side is much more awful than one’s “own” side;
3) that political scientists distinguish between “issue” polarization and “affective” polarization, and they especially worry that “affective” polarization is driving “issue” polarization;
and 4) how the increase in “affective” polarization might be driving many away from political discussions, reducing their sense of political efficacy, and excluding them (even more than they currently are) from decisions about the public good and our common future.
As some of you commented in that discussion board, what to do about this problem is not entirely clear. But it can’t be as simple as “we should all just get along,” nor can it be only a matter of choosing the most “moderate” policy or compromise (when it comes to climate change, for example, moderation or compromise might not be enough to avoid catastrophe).
Many political scientists have been studying strategies for building trust and empathy across this divide. One example is an experiment conducted in 2019 to test the role of “deliberation” in easing partisan polarization. They brought together randomly-chosen individuals from around the country, gave them a pre-experiment survey about their views, taught them about policies AND about deliberation (see this link from CSU (Links to an external site.) for a quick summary of how this is different than simple discussion or debate), had them deliberate, and finally gave them a post-experiment survey about their views. Here is a description of the “America in One Room” (Links to an external site.) deliberative poll in June of 2019, links (Links to an external site.) to stories about the approach, an article about their findings (Links to an external site.), and about an upcoming deliberation in September (Links to an external site.) before the next world-wide meeting about climate change in Glasgow this November.
Then approach this as a student; critique the methodology, discuss the approach with others and report on their impressions, consider the insights of collective action theory and the free rider effect for this approach, suggest a larger list of questions for the upcoming deliberation on social media and goverment consider the logistics and how one might make this sort of experience available to more participants and more relevant to decision making, relate this approach to your experiences in other countries, develop a way to convince others of the importance of this approach, etc. Feel free to build on your posts for Discussion Boards 5 and 6.
Write a standard academic paper.
Please incorporate the topic of social media into this paper. ORGINAL WORK NO PLAGIARISM Must be 4 pages single-spaced pages .
WHAT I WROTE FOR Discussion Boards 5 and 6.
for this week’s discussion topic, a public problem I would like to talk about is Social Media. Social Media has been a significant influence in today’s world starting from adolescence to young adults. In today’s world, there are lots of positive aspects of the use of social media but also a lot of negative ones. The adolescence period of time consists of huge formative changes. With all of these transitions occurring especially during which young people display a restricted limit with regards to self-guideline and danger of vulnerability to peer strain and experimentation. One example is that during this period, Social Media can be very harmful to a young woman or teenager. Seeing a female on their Instagram feed with unrealistic looks and overly edited pictures allows these young girls to believe that they should look like that, especially when they see their favorite “influencers” post nude on social media and believe that as a 16-year-old girl, they should be posting the same when, in reality, that would be considered child pornography.
I have been to a meeting regarding social media back when I was in High School where we were advocating that social media use should be banned at school since people are on their phones a larger portion during class rather than paying attention to their teacher. We were able to gain access from the school to have a wifi blocker to prevent using social media only texting and calls when using school wifi. In my opinion, I believe that you should be eighteen years or older in order to use social media
There are many points that stood out to me from the Political sectarianism in America and 3 things driving the ‘ascendance of political hatred’ by Clark Merrifield. One in particular, comes from this direct quote: “Political scientists in recent years have used various terms to describe America’s deep political divide, including ‘affective polarization’” (Merrifield). I believe that America is currently in a significant divide politically. Millennials source their political information from various social media sites, such as TikTok, Instagram and Twitter. Yet, these platforms may not always source accurate and credible information, and the younger generation bases their political opinions on the information they receive from these platforms. This individual article discusses the results of asking people if they feel “hot or cold” based on degrees while analyzing political parties. The aversion to differences between political parties has significantly grown since 2012. I have witnessed this through many different situations, one of which being childhood friends splitting apart due to opposing political views instead of simply finding a way to meet in the middle or even choosing not to discuss politics amongst each other all-together. In my opinion, this is just the start of Political Sectarianism. Merrifield sites The Journal of politics:The Parties in Our Heads: Misperceptions about Party Composition and Their Consequences in his article, stating, “‘Republicans estimate that 32% of Democrats are LGBT when in reality it is 6%; Democrats estimate that 38% of Republicans earn over $250,000 per year when in reality it is 2%,” citing the 2018′” (Douglas J. Ahler and Gaurav Sood). A majority of today’s younger republicans support the LGBTQ community and major movements like BLM, but are labeled as a Republican from qualifications of the 1900’s. Throughout history, it has been proven that both the Republican and Democratic parties had slaves, yet the larger portion of Republicans are identified as racists. On social media, Candice Owen has been labeled as a “traitor” because she is a 32 year-old African American woman who identifies with the Republicans and Conservative. Merrifield suggests in the article that a way to reduce sectarianism in America is through Social Media interventions. Though, it is important to remember his statement that “crowdsourced judgments of news source quality being baked into algorithms so that hyper-partisan or false content does not often show up in users’ news feeds.” As someone who uses social media, 50% of it is a part of my day-to-day life. I have seen a large amount of false content. Whether it be a clip of a politician that is edited into something completely different than what he/she stated and is turned into false information taken from a credible source, I do agree that there should be an intervention on Social Media—specifically, filtering sources based on social media servers or only allowing credible information to be posted. Hopefully, one day our country can come together as one or hopefully something closer to it by taking a step back and analyzing the content we digest on a daily basis.

answer a three part question referring to Sampson, Morenoff and Raudenbush

[Hint: there are 9 variables. Count age as one(see figure 1) and immigration status as one variable, and don’t worry about the intercept or the four interaction terms]
Describe how the coefficient for black changes across the models from table 2.
Based on your answer to part b above, along with the findings from table 3, why can we conclude the neighborhood effects are key for explaining black/white disparities in offending?

Masters in pharmaceutical sciences

However, there are many more out there that we did not discuss because they have not been as widely applied for the analysis of cannabis or hemp.
Primary Post (10 points): Describe a sample preparation technique that we did not discuss in class. In 2-3 paragraphs, explain how it works and what types of samples it can be applied to. Make sure to cite any sources you used to write your post. Hint: Do a literature search for review articles on sample preparation from peer-reviewed journals focused on analytical chemistry to help you find a technique.

Response Post (5 points): Do you think that the technique described in the primary post would be suitable for the analysis of cannabis, hemp, or a cannabinoid-containing product? Why or why not?

Occupational Health Safety Outlining a Training Program Proposal

Include the following in your outline:
Define a safety-related need that could be met using your training. Explain what resources you would use to define this need. Create at least two objectives stating how your training will address the need. Be sure to use the ABCD concept when developing your objectives.
Explain how you would design the training to be focused on adult participants using activity-based learning concepts. Include at least two activities you would have the participants complete.
Identify at least five resources, references, or materials you would use to develop the training materials, and explain how they will support the objectives. At least two of the five resources must be found in the CSU Online Library. These could include technical publications on your topic, scholarly articles, or videos.Include and cite this book Textbook:Supervisors’ safety manual (11th ed.). National Safety Council..I do not have this book
Outline how your course would be delivered, including what resources would be needed (include such things as rooms, projectors, and other physical requirements as well as educational resources). Also, describe how you would plan the participants’ time and provide feedback on their actions and responses during the training, ensuring that you have policies in place to maintain control of the training.
Prepare a method for evaluating the training—provide at least five example questions that could be used to assess the participants’ retention of knowledge and evaluate the training’s course content and delivery.
Your project must be at least three pages in length. It is recommended that it be written in five sections that align with numbers 1 to 5 in the assignment instructions.
Be sure to cite all resources, references, and materials using APA Style and to provide in-text citations where appropriate.

Occupational Health Safety Response

Simply stating “I agree or disagree” is not a proper response. State why you agree or disagree and provide reasoning.
At work I am required to maintain an OSHA outreach trainer authorization and every four years we have to take refresher training. The need it meets is the ability to teach OSHA 10 and 30 hour for construction courses for our employees. It motivates me to be in a room with my peers and I think there is a little bit of competition in the room knowing that most of the people in the room are also safety professionals. There have been several cases where our instructor was not prepared or didn’t seem to be engaged in the topics that was a real non-motivator for me. The training has always been effective working in a group and presenting to our peers. It gives immediate feedback that I find helpful and have learned some new ways to present from some of the people I participated with. I like the more hands on doing approach for training and I feel like it gives me a better understanding of the materials.

300 word discussion on life cycle

Provide a detailed description of the life cycle of your chosen organism.
Breakdown the process of metamorphosis and discuss how it impacts the life cycle of this organism.
What purpose does metamorphosis play in the life cycle of this organism?
Here are some sources:
https://www.shapeoflife.org/video/arthropods-drago…
https://www.shapeoflife.org/video/arthropods-dragonfly-metamorphosis
https://ca.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/tdc02.sci…

complexities and uncertainties

Your group should consider (2) complexities and uncertainties specifically relevant to small populations of concern. Develop a list of four or five possible problems and issues that could be faced in the coming years as a result of the complexities in and uncertainties of your scenario, specifically at your assigned level of focus. Can ad- vanced consideration and planning minimize or elim- inate the problems? How? Share your insights with the rest of the class.

Question Set: Collective Action, the American Constitution, Federalism, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Please respond to five of the following six short response questions posted below. Your answers should be short, focused, and complete, ranging from two to three paragraphs. Please make sure to answer each specific part of every question. Successful answers will reflect your own thinking and understanding of the material. These answers will provide details and context that support your arguments and explain your position to the readers. Each question is broken up into parts. Please be sure to address every part of the question!
1. A core theme of this class is that constitutions create rules and powers that enable governments to solve problems of collective action. A) How do constitutions (and political institutions and rules) help resolve common collective action problems? B) What important tradeoffs must the architects of constitutions consider when they think about how they will empower government to solve problems of collective action? C) Why can governmental efforts to resolve problems of collective action be controversial? [As you answer this question please feel free to draw on examples from the Articles of Confederation, the US Constitution, or your own understanding of the course material]
2. A) How did the failures of the Articles of Confederation influence the design of the Constitution of the United States of America? B) How did the need to forge a compromise between large states and small states influence the design of the Constitution? C) How (if at all) has this compromise shaped the way the United States government functions today? 4) Based on this analysis, how (if at all) would you reform the Constitution today?
3. A) What are some benefits of having a federal system? B) What are some drawbacks? (In addition to the logical arguments, provide an example of federalism being beneficial, and an example of it being problematic). C) Drawing on these arguments, do you think a stronger national government would be better or worse for the USA? (Be clear about what you mean by “better” or “worse” and why).
4. Baron v Baltimore established a concept ofdual citizenship. A) How did this view of dual citizenship shape civil liberties/civil rights protections for early citizens of state governments? B) Why and how did so many of the civil liberties protections come to be nationalized or incorporated? C) What are the benefits and drawbacks of incorporating civil liberties protections to extend to citizens of United States regardless of their state of residence?
5. A) What were the goals of Jim Crow laws? B) How were these largely remedied in the 1960s, and what are the Constitutional justifications for these remedies? (Make sure and note the difference between de facto and de jure segregation in considering the effectiveness of these remedies.) C) In 2021, many states have introduced legislation making it harder for many Americans to vote. Should we be concerned about a return of Jim Crow voting restrictions? Why or why not? D) Should the federal government again take a more active role in regulating state elections? Why or why not?
6. One of the core themes of American politics is enduring struggle of minority groups to secure equal protection of the civil rights and civil liberties under law. A) What role has the federal system played in making it difficult for various minority groups to enjoy the full privileges and protections of citizenship under law? B) How and why have civil rights eventually extended? (Make sure and note the role the federal government, social movements, and individual state governments have played in doing so. C) What do the ongoing protests over civil rights and civil liberties issues (Black Lives Matter, Abortion Access, Covid-19 vaccine and masking mandates) tell us about the struggle for civil rights and civil liberties in contemporary American politics?

Discussion: Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Read and watch the following materials:
https://openstax.org/details/books/american-govern…
https://openstax.org/books/american-government-2e/…
https://lawreview.law.ucdavis.edu/issues/26/4/arti…

Please choose one of the following questions and react to it (75-150 words):
1. Consider the Bill of Rights and what is included in these Constitutional Amendments. Is there a right or liberty that is missing that you think should be added? Is there something there you think should be removed? Why?
2. In Shelby County v. Holder in 2013, the US Supreme Court struck down provisions that forced state and local governments with a history of discrimination to get any changes to their voting laws or practices precleared by the federal government. In doing so, they argued this was an undue burden on states, and essentially, that racial discrimination in voting laws is no longer an issue. Do you agree with this decision? Why?
3. Free speech and censorship on the internet, pertaining to “fake news” and other concerns regarding disinformation, has been discussed at length in recent years. Do you believe technology companies, e.g. Facebook, Google, should play a lighter or heavier role in regulating speech on the internet? Why?
Reply to two other posts, at least 30 words for each. I’ll show you the posts that need to be replied after I have your post.