Hepatitis

Presentations should include:

A. Background on the disease. This should include symptoms, when was it most prevalent, any particular group of people affected, number of people infected, and number of deaths that may have occurred.

B. The organism that causes the disease. The anatomy of the organism, any special features that contribute to its ability to infect.

C. How is the disease treated? Is it curable? Was there an epidemic or pandemic? How was it controlled?

D. Do you think we should be concerned today with an increase of the disease occurring in the future in light of what we are going through now?

Choose 5 antineoplastic drugs

Choose 5 antineoplastic drugs that you wish to research from Table 21-1 (page 207).
Then using a drug reference, identify the drug’s mechanism of action and common side effects.
Then list 5 special considerations for each drug. (Examples: may easily get infections, not safe to use while pregnant, obtain neurological tests regularly, causes vomiting and nausea, works best after meals and at bedtime)
Put your findings into a table format.
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You are interested in studying divergence in geographically isolated populations.

You are interested in studying divergence in geographically isolated populations.
A. Identify and briefly describe two ways that geographic isolation may arise.
B. You identify two geographically isolated populations of fish in adjacent lakes. One population is comprised of fish that are dark brown, and are 20-25 cm in size when fully grown. The other population grows to a maximum of 10 cm, and is yellow in color. Despite these morphological differences, when members from each population are transferred to the non-native lake, they are able to hybridize with the endemic fish and produce fertile hybrid offspring. Identify the species concept that would deem these two populations separate species, and the species concept that would deem these two populations the same species. Briefly define each species concept in your answer.
C. Given sufficient time, would you expect these populations to become incapable of producing fertile hybrids? Briefly explain why or why not.

Lab : about fossil hominins based on the analysis of qualitative and quantitative empirical data

The purpose of this lab is for you to infer appropriate conclusions about fossil hominins based on the analysis of qualitative and quantitative empirical data and identify key physical (morphological), physiological (functional), and behavioral traits in human fossil ancestors.
you become familiar with the following important content knowledge in anthropology:
later Homo and Homo sapiens evolution
hypotheses to explain the origins of modern humans
infer specific behaviors based on anatomical traits
identify anatomical similarities and differences in the later members of the genus Homo
identify anatomical traits used to identify modern Homo sapiens in the paleoanthropological record
Print the Lab 12 worksheet and write-in your answers OR open the lab in Adobe (or whatever pdf. reader you use) and type-in your answers using the text-box function
Step 2: Open the Lab 12 workstations.
Kabwe, Zambia (Africa), ~275-325 kya
Homo heidlebergensis by Geospatial and Virtual Archaeology Lab and Studio on Sketchfab
Steinheim, Germany, 250-350 kya

Homo heidelbergensis (Steinheim skull)(1979rp45) by RLA Archaeology on Sketchfab

Florisbad, Orange Free State, South Africa, 250-350 kya

Homo heidelbergensis (Florisbad) (1979rp24) by RLA Archaeology on Sketchfab

Workstation 2: The NeanderthalsInstructions:
Observe the 3D models of the Neanderthals below.
Compare and contrast the two crania. How are they similar? How are they different? Record your response on the Lab 12 worksheet.
Identify three observable traits that are present on both crania that are derived traits in Neanderthals. Record your response on the Lab 12 worksheet.
La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France, 47-56 kya
(433rp7) by RLA Archaeology on Sketchfab
Gibraltar 1, ~35 kya, found in Forbes Quarry, Gibraltar (one of the youngest Neanderthal fossils, ~35 kya is super recent!!)
Gibraltar 1 Skull with Texture by Wellesley College on Sketchfab
Workstation 3: Neanderthals vs. Modern Homo sapiensInstructions:
Observe the 3D models of mandibles from a Neanderthal and a modern Homo sapiens below.
Compare and contrast the two samples. How are they similar? How are they different? Record your response on the Lab 12 worksheet.
Identify one observable trait that is present on the Neanderthal mandible, but not present on the modern Homo sapiens mandible. Record your response on the Lab 12 worksheet.
Identify one observable trait that is present on the modern Homo sapiens mandible, but not present on the Neanderthal mandible. Record your response on the Lab 12 worksheet.
Spy Cave, Namur, Belgium, ~40 kya (Neanderthal)

(Spy 2) Mandible (433rp20) by RLA Archaeology on Sketchfab

Hotu Cave, Iran, ~9,900 – 7,200 years before present (modern Homo sapiens)

Homo sapiens (Hotu Cave) (1979rp28) – mandible by RLA Archaeology on Sketchfab
Workstation 4: Evolution of Homo sapiensAs with other transitions in hominin evolution, modern traits do not appear fully formed or all at once. The traits common to modern Homo sapiens appeared in a mosaic manner. In this workstation, you will look at how our skull anatomy has changed over time and you will also observe geographic variation in our species.
Instructions:
Observe the 3D models of modern Homo sapiens below. (Some of the models are a little dark. Just do the best you can.)
Describe how the cranial morphology in modern Homo sapiens has evolved (changed) over time based on your observations of the samples below. Record your response on the Lab 12 worksheet.
Identify one observable derived modern Homo sapiens trait that all the crania share. Record your response on the Lab 12 worksheet.
Which hypothesis to explain the origins of modern Homo sapiens is best supported by the morphology of these crania (Multiregional or Out of Africa)? Please be cognizant of the times and geographical areas represented by the samples. Please explain your answer and any limitations associated with the data (aside from the small sample size). Record your response on the Lab 12 worksheet.
Herto: Middle Awash, Ethiopia, ~160 kya
Homo sapiens Cranium by UCFanthropology on Sketchfab
Skhul 5 sample: Mugharet es-Skhul, Wadi el-Mughara, Israel, 80-120 kya

Homo sapiens Skhul 5 (2501.1rp37-1) by RLA Archaeology on Sketchfab
Wajak, East Java, Indonesia, ~28-38 kya

Homo sapiens (Wadjak 1) (1979rp11) by RLA Archaeology on Sketchfab
Cro-Magnon, Les Eyzies, Dordogne, France ~ 27 kya

Homo sapiens (Cro-Magnon I) Skull (1979rp16-1) by RLA Archaeology on Sketchfab
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review lecture and answer questions

lecture : https://learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet02-xythos.conten…
questions:
1) What does the “Sixth Great Extinction” mean? What is the cause of this event and what can be done to stop it?
2) Name the two primary Greenhouse Gasses.
3) Name five negative consequences of increased Greenhouse emissions.
4) Examine the Mauna Loa CO2 concentration graph in this week’s PPT presentation. How much has the CO2 level increased increased between the years 1800 and 2000? (You can write your answer in the form ‘from _____ ppm to _____ ppm.’)
5) Examine the average yearly temperature graph from the Blue Hills Observatory. How much has the yearly temperature in Milton, Massachusetts increased on average over the past 200 years?
6) Describe what ‘Ocean Acidification’ is. Be sure to name the specific gaseous emission that causes ocean acidification. Be sure to describe the effect ocean acidification will have on sea life that have calcium carbonate shells.
7) What is the normal pH of ocean water away from the coasts? Anything with a pH above 7.0 is considered basic, and anything with a pH below 7.0 is considered acidic. Does the water actually have to become acidic to have a negative effect on life in the oceans?
8) Do you think that humans have exceeded the Earth’s ‘Carrying Capacity’? Note: I am asking for your opinion, which means the only incorrect answer is no answer at all.
9) Name five specific actions that you can personally take to lower your environmental impact on the planet Earth.