please answer the following questions:

Why do you think it may be problematic to simply identify a work of art as something that an artist makes? Come up with some sort of example to illustrate this point.
In your own words, describe the four basic concepts related primarily to the perceptual nature of a work of art.
In 150 to 200 words, describe how these four concepts operate together, paying extra-special attention to the role of participation.
In 150 to 200 words, answer the following: With regard to the Eddie Adams photograph (Figure 2-2 in the reading) and the Francisco Goya painting (Figure 2-3 in the reading), which do you find yourself participating with more and why, with regard to the concepts of artistic form, subject matter, and content? In other words, you must use these three concepts in your answer!