discussion replies

Smaller groups complete tasks faster than larger ones. They are also more productive than large groups. Large groups, on the other hand, generate more facts, collect diverse and open viewpoints, generate more solutions to problems. However, with increase in size of the group, contribution of individual member tends to decrease (Fredman et al., 2015). The responsibility for group goal gets dispersed amongst larger number of members and members, therefore, tend to slacken in their individual performance. Relationship between individual input and group output cannot be maintained as group results cannot be attributed to any single person.
This tends to reduce efficiency of the group. Large groups also develop sub-groups, restrict participation by some members, take too much time in making decisions, promote dominance by few etc. Thus, the optimum group size should be large enough to invite diverse viewpoints and small enough to fix each individual’s responsibility and promote inter-personal interaction.
It also emerged that in organization behavior, groups are formed based on some standards and rules. These standards and rules form part of the group’s norms and will affect individual behavior because each person is expected to conform to the set of standards and/ or rules. These norms will determine how an individual works within the organization or group (Charness