Chiesa: Chapter 5. Concepts of Causation
- The view that behavior is an indication, manifestation, or expression, of something else is predominant in what type of thinking about behavior?
- In psychology, as in the culture at large, behavior is commonly given the status of an appendage to what?
- Provide examples of indication, manifestation, and expression.
- Describe Roger’s summary of dualism in western cultural thinking on the nature of the persons and their behavior, and Capra’s summary of Buddhism.
- What is a consequence of the predominant self conception in the western culture? How does it extend beyond western psychology?
- What is Skinner’s philosophical position?
- What does science assume?
- What are the counterarguments for question #9?
- What did Hume’s analysis demonstrate?
- What is the unacceptable consequence of the chain metaphor?
- Why does the simple one-to-one implication of the chain metaphor does not properly illustrate the conceptual nature of causal terms?
- What are the three features of science from which the chain metaphor derives its power?
- Describe the distinctive features of causal thinking in radical behaviorism:
Skinner: Selection by Consequences
- What are the three kinds of selection
- What are the similarities and differences?
- List the traditional explanatory schemes