Chiesa: Chapter 5. Concepts of Causation

Chiesa: Chapter 5. Concepts of Causation

 

  1. The view that behavior is an indication, manifestation, or expression, of something else is predominant in what type of thinking about behavior?

 

  1. In psychology, as in the culture at large, behavior is commonly given the status of an appendage to what?

 

  1. Provide examples of indication, manifestation, and expression.

 

  1. Describe Roger’s summary of dualism in western cultural thinking on the nature of the persons and their behavior, and Capra’s summary of Buddhism.

 

  1. What is a consequence of the predominant self conception in the western culture? How does it extend beyond western psychology?

 

  1. What is Skinner’s philosophical position?

 

  1. What is the definition of behavior and environment?

 

  1. What does science assume?

 

  1. Describe the three arguments for indeterminacy?

 

  1. What are the counterarguments for question #9?

 

  1. What did Hume’s analysis demonstrate?

 

  1. What is the unacceptable consequence of the chain metaphor?

 

  1. Why does the simple one-to-one implication of the chain metaphor does not properly illustrate the conceptual nature of causal terms?

 

  1. What are the three features of science from which the chain metaphor derives its power?

 

  1. Describe the distinctive features of causal thinking in radical behaviorism:

 

Skinner: Selection by Consequences

 

  1. What are the three kinds of selection

 

  1. What are the similarities and differences?

 

  1. List the traditional explanatory schemes