# Boolean Circuits and Technology

Each assignment will allow you to learn how the topics of this course apply to the areas of computer science, Internet technology, or technology applications.
For this assignment, imagine that we are many years into the future and you have been hired by a technology company to create a human door key system. When a person steps on a special mat containing sensors that is located at his or her front door, these sensors grab information, send it through a set of circuits, and reach a one of two logical conclusions:
Yes (or 1), the person lives in this house and may enter.
No (or 0), this person does not live in this house and may not enter.
If the result is yes, the door automatically opens. If the result is no, you can decide what happens.
For this assignment, complete the following:
Define at least five features that can be sensed by the magic door mat such that each feature has a result of 0 or 1. This magical mat can sense anything, such as weight, height, eye color, hair color, gender, and so on. Because the result of the sensor can only be 0 or 1, you will have to think about how to do this. As an example, if the weight is greater than 125, the sensor returns a 1, else a 0. Similarly, if the hair color is NOT brown, the sensor returns a 0, else 1. These are just some ideas.
Explain each of your features clearly, including exactly what the 0 or 1 represents in each case.
Using at least five gates and at least five inputs, create a logical circuit that describes your system. This circuit will have at least five inputs, at least five gates, and one—and only one—output. Remember, the input values to and from the gates are only 0 or 1, but you can name them according to what they represent.
Create a logic table to show some examples of people who will and will not be able to enter. This table will be labeled with your attributes and will contain values of only 0 and 1.
Describe your circuit using a Boolean expression with proper use of AND, OR, and NOT symbols.
Describe what will happen to a person who cannot enter (that is, when the output of the circuit is 0). This is up to you, so feel free to be creative. Include at least one paragraph explaining your circuit, your features, and what will happen in cases where a person can or cannot enter the door. Hint: You can have the door inform the person that they cannot enter and why.
You may find it useful to read Chapter 11, pages 532–542, and look at the examples. You can combine attributes to make sure only the right person gets in. For example, if a person’s weight is greater than or equal to 125, you can have a 1. If the weight is less than 125, you can have a 0. Therefore, if the person weighs 250 pounds, this would result in a 1. You can use the circuit creatively with AND, OR, and NOT gates to grant or deny access using a set of measurable attributes.
Review the Boolean Circuits and Technology Scoring Guide to understand how you will be graded on this assignment.
Boolean Circuits and Technology Scoring Guide CRITERIA
NON-PERFORMANCE
BASIC
PROFICIENT
DISTINGUISHED
Apply Boolean logic to basic computer circuits in an application problem. 20%
Does not apply Boolean logic to basic computer circuits in an application problem or only one gate is labeled.
Applies Boolean logic to basic computer circuits in an application problem, but only two gates are labeled.
Applies Boolean logic to basic computer circuits in an application problem, and three or more, but not all, gates are labeled.
Applies Boolean logic to basic computer circuits in an application problem.
Set up a circuit application problem using Boolean logic. 20%
Does not set up a circuit application problem using Boolean logic, and four or more gates are incomplete.
Sets up a circuit application problem using Boolean logic, but three gates are incomplete.
Sets up a circuit application problem using Boolean logic, but two gates are incomplete.
Sets up a circuit application problem using Boolean logic.
Define the methodologies in discrete math needed to complete a circuit application problem. 20%
Does not define the methodologies in discrete math needed to complete a circuit application problem or only has a correct feature for one gate.
Defines the methodologies in discrete math needed to complete a circuit application problem and has correct features for only two gates.
Defines the methodologies in discrete math needed to complete a circuit application problem and has correct features for three or more, but not all, gates.
Defines the methodologies in discrete math needed to complete a circuit application problem.
Apply Boolean formulas to solve application problems. 20%
Does not apply Boolean formulas to solve application problems or applies formulas and none are correct.
Applies Boolean formulas to solve application problems, only one of which is correct.
Applies Boolean formulas to solve application problems and two or more, but not all, are correct.
Applies Boolean formulas to solve application problems.
Explain how to use Boolean formulas to solve application problems. 20%
Does not explain how to use Boolean formulas to solve application problems.
Explains how to use Boolean formulas to solve application problems for one of the three questions.
Explains how to use Boolean formulas to solve application problems for two of the three questions.
Explains how to use Boolean formulas to solve application problems.